600 Years Evolution of Hemp in CBD in Foods
Have you ever wondered whether hemp CBD is new or if we've always consumed it as part of our diet? The answer is quite simple, CBD and naturally occuring cannabinoids have been part of the European diet for centuries, if not millenia, until the 1930s which heralded the start of what can only be called the hemp prohibition era. Whilst France grew hemp for industrial applications uninterruptedly, the first major shift happened when Germany permitted again hemp cultivation and food use of leaves & flowers in 1995.
We would like to take you on a journey of who and how we consumed naturally occuring cannabinoids and CBD based on historical records showing recipes of how to make a modern day CBD oil and the different uses of leaves and flowers as part of our food.
The Clergy Cooked With Hemp
One of my favourite pieces is a recipe written down by the Vatican chef of Pope Martin V. “Boil flowers and leaves (canapo) in water. Once ready press them to extract water. Add the mixture with bread crumbs and cooked onion. Slowly add the water in which canapo was boiled to the mixture and add saffron and spices.” Was it for the hemp taste or did they know by observation that hemp is good for you? We can presume the answer is that they did know of hemps health promoting qualities. On the Tower of the Escape in Bologne, constructed from 1220, the vault of the Canton de Fiori carries the following inscription: 'Bread is Life, Cannabis is Protection, Wine is Joy' below the well preserved fresco.
Source: On Ministrum de canapo Jean de Bockenheim, Registre de cuisine, p.740 n° 59. Reference to Bruno Laurioux, chef of Pope Martin V (1369-1431 AD)
The Oldest Known Recipe: How To Make A Modern Day CBD Oil
Later the same century, one of the world's oldest cookbooks, De Honesta Voluptate Et Valitudine, published 1475 listed the first known recorded recipe of how to make a modern day hemp CBD oil, including decarboxylation. In the hemp world, decarboxylation occurs when a carbon atom is removed from a carboxylic acid (CBDA). It means that CBDA is converted into CBD.
To make cannabis yourself known as flax for thread.
Use a mallet to crush clods (buds) collect after good harvest
Taken as food in wine or cake.
Add cannabis to nard oil an iron pot. Crush together over some heat until juice.
A health drink of cannabis nectar. Carefully treat food and divide for the stomach and the head. Finally remember everything in excess may be harmful or criminal.
According to records, the latin recipe was republished over a hundred years and also translated into German, French and Italian.
Source: De Honesta Voluptate Et Valetudine, published in 1475 AD by Bartolommeo de Sacchi Platina.
Nourishing Hemp Food Remedy Wins Prize At World Exhibition in 1894
Maltos-Cannabis was a Swedish hemp seed-based malt beverage "food remedy" with sedative qualities produced beginning around the late 19th century into the early 20th century. The product was widely available in Sweden, Denmark, and Norway and sold in grocery stores and pharmacies. In 1894, the manufacturers, Tekniska fabriken Roeda korset, Stockholm, took Maltos Cannabis to the World Exhibition which held from 5 May to 5 November 1894 and attracted 3 million visitors. The Official Catalogue shows that Maltos Cannabis was listed In category XIV – Industries Alimentaires (Food Industries), see point 39: Their advertisements also show that they won a prize at the World Expo. We are not surprised, a good cannabinoid rich nourishing remedy must have been well received.
Cookbooks In Poland Describe Hemp As A Vegetable, Garden Plant And As Edible Grasses
Poland and the Baltic States have a long continuous history of growing and consuming hemp. There are several references in 19th century cookbooks proclaiming the merits of eating hemp.
In Kuchnia polska dawna, published by Pezke in 1904, it says "However, the greatest admiration must be aroused by the number and variety of used vegetables and garden plants. Among them the most popular were: red beets, onions, horseradish, garlic, peas, cabbage, hemp, carrots, turnips etc... The above set indicates that Polish medieval cuisine was exceptionally well stocked with vegetables and their common uses."
A more recent book published by Ananiewa N in 2017, it refers to the famines suffered by the inhabitants of Polish Siberian villages. It writes about how they ate different grasses and include hemp alongside nettle. Anyone familiar with Polish culture will have heard of Siemieniotka. It is a Silesian Hempseed Soup which is traditionally eaten on Christmas eve, a protein and cannabinoid rich mid-winter dish to support our body during the harsh winter months.
Tortellini With Hemp Flowers & Bacon
The hemp flowers contain the largest proportion of CBD and traces of other cannabinoids. Consuming them raw or cooked would have given us the health promoting cannabinois which provides important compounds to maintain and support a functioning of our body's endocannabinoid system. Considering that only few people could read or would be in a position to buy cookbooks, including a recipe for hemp flowers indicates that the use of hemp in cooking was not only for the people living on the land, who grew the hemp, but it was also an important ingredient for the wealthy. Here is the recipe: "Take the hemp flowers without leaves and cook them with bacon. When the bacon is almost cooked add the flowers, finish cooking, chop everything, add grated cheese, use this filling to make the tortelli."
Source: Frammento di un libro di cucina del Sec. XIV : edito nel di delle nozze Carducci-Gnaccarini"(1884)
Hempseed Oil Also Was Rich In Cannabinoids - Why?
Until the beginning of the 20th century, prior to modern processing technologies, all seeds, be it wheat grain or hemp seed, were processed by manual threshing with flails. In the pre-industrial era hempseed oil obtained in this way was the primary source of plant oil in the european diet. How did it contain CBD?
Hemp seeds have a hard outer shell. Most hempseeds we can buy today have been dehulled in commercial processing facilities. This means that the outer shell has been removed and we buy the soft hemp hearts which are very nutritious. They are exceptionally rich in two esssential fatty acids, linoleic acid (omega-6) an alpha-linolenic acid (omega-3). Hemp seeds are a great protein source, as more than 25% of their total calories are from high quality protein. Hemp seeds are also a great source of vitamin E and minerals, such as phosphorus, potassium, sodium, magnesium, sulfur, calcium, iron and zinc.
Naturally, the seeds are surrounded by leaves and there was no careful industrial separation process. The whole top would have been placed on the stones to extract the oil and during the process the cannabinoids blended with the oil enriching it and our ancestors consumed larger amounts of cannabinoids / CBD than us today.
The above information is a selection of evidence collected by the members of the European Industrial Hemp Association (EIHA).
Nowadays science showed that we have a very important physiological system, the endocannabinoid system (ECS) and preliminary research confirms that the ECS may be involved in regulating many physiological and cognitive processes. Interestingly, our body produces it's own endo-cannabinoids throughout our lives, from before we are born to our last days, but it is apparent that this is not necessarily sufficient to keep our ECS strong and healthy. Some scientists believe that due to the removal of cannabinoid rich hemp nutrition we as humanity are developing symptoms of chronic endocannabinoid deficiency which is linked to many diseases prevalent in our society. Looking back in time, it is evident that throughout Europe we consumed hemp seeds, flowers & leaves in many forms, from poor to rich people, which naturally ensured we supplemented our body's own endocananbinoids with plant based 'phyto-cannabinoids' to maintain and support our ECS and thus our health and wellbeing.
At CannaWell, we only use outdoor grown traditional European hemp strains, we carefully capture the important nutrients and put them in a bottle. Hemp for Health - CBD is Good for Me.