What is CBD oil and how does it work?

It is becoming apparent that CBD is the most amazing natural molecule found in the hemp / cannabis plant — and we’re dedicated to offering only the finest and purest quality CBD hemp oil.

What is CBD?

CBD (cannabidiol) is the most abundant cannabinoid present in the hemp plant. There are over 80+ naturally ocuring cannabinoids found in cannabis, other cannabinoids such as CBG, CBV, CBC are generally present in trace amounts.  CannaWell's CBD oils are natural botanical extracts, made from hemp.
Is CBD oil the same as hemp CBD oil?
Hemp is classified in Europe as those cannabis seeds that contain less than 0.2% THC.  In other countries the level of THC permitted to be classified as hemp is higher.  In the US and Canada it is 0.3%, Switzerland, New Zealand and Australia it is 1%.  CBD can also be extracted from cannabis plants that are above those levels.  Both marijuana and hemp are forms of cannabis. However, cannabis does not mean marijuana. Cannabis is the genus name and general umbrella term, under which all forms of marijuana and hemp fall. Until recently, delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, was the most well-known and studied cannabinoid due to its abundance in marijuana. However, as the second most prevalent cannabinoid in marijuana and the top non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in hemp, CBD has been gaining momentum in the scientific community and media.  So in principle, CBD oils can be made from any plant of the species cannabis, hemp and marijuana.  However, in practice hemp is used for CBD oils because hemp contains naturally large amounts of CBD and only trace amounts of THC wherey marijuana generally contains large amounts of THC and only small amounts of CBD.

Our CBD products and extracts are derived from hemp (not marijuana), and can also be referred to as CBD-rich hemp oil, hemp-derived CBD oil, CBD-rich cannabis oil, or plainly “hemp extracts”. However, CBD oil is different from hempseed oil and organic hemp oil, as these are derived from hempseeds and only contain traces of CBD and other cannabinoids.

Will it get you high?

The definition of ‘hemp’ is commonly used for cannabis strains that contain very low levels of THC (the compound that will make you high).  The level of THC permitted in cultivation of hemp plants in Europe is 0.2%.  This means hemp only contains trace amounts of THC and it is so little, that it would be impossible to get 'high' from hemp.  A scientific investigation calculated that a person would need to smoke 6 kgs of hemp in 8 hours to experience any form of high.  This clearly is physically impossible.

How does CBD work?

CBD primarily interacts with the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS), a grouping of millions of cannabinoid receptors found throughout your body, but are primarily clustered in the brain and central nervous system (CNS). While CBD is a phytocannabinoid, or plant-based cannabinoid, your body also naturally produces cannabinoids, known as endocannabinoids. Almost every organ of your body, including your skin and digestive tract, contains cannabinoid receptors. The ECS has four primary purposes including neuroprotection, stress relief, immune response, and regulating the body’s general state of balance, including appetite, sleep, mood, and pain.  A healthy ECS helps feeling a healthier person.  

Unlike THC, CBD does not interact directly with the two classical cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2). This is why CBD does not cause any psychoactive effect. Instead, CBD interreacts with the enzymes that break down endocannabinoids, leading to an increase in your body’s naturally-produced cannabinoids.  
In simple terms, we have for example and enzyme called FAAH.  FAAH needs something to do and so it spends it time attacking and destroying Anandamide, our body's own endocannabinoid.  Anandamide is called the 'bliss molecule'.  When we consume hemp CBD oils, FAAH reroutes it's attention and does it's job breaking down CBD.  This means it leaves Anandamide alone and our natural levels recover and our ECS functions better and can do it's job, homeostasis - meaning balance.
To find out more about the ECS, please read FAQ - What is the endocannabinoid system.

What are the benefits and uses of CBD? Why do people use hemp extracts and CBD?

In accordance with health claims regulations, we cannot, nor do we want to make health claims regarding our products. We only recommend our products for general wellness.
There are many reasons to add CBD oils to our diet.  Many choose CBD to maintain their health, active sports people and atheletes choose CBD to aid their body's recovery and ever more people seek hemp CBD for system support. Health is the state of being free from illness or injury. In reality, hardly anyone is in perfect health and over the last 10 years awareness is rapidly growing how important food and the nutrients it contains is in supporting our health.  Whether we simply feel the signs of ageing and the resulting 'glitches' our body is almost programmed to develop, feel overwhelmed by the mental challenges life presents and cause us stress, anxiety, unsatisfactory sleep patterns, then improving your diet, an active lifestyle and including more functional foods can benefit overall health.
There is a growing school of thought which supports that many of us may have a chronic endocannabinoid deficiency.  Hemp co-evolved alongside humanity for milleania and was not only used for industrial purposes, but the hempseed was eaten raw and used in nourishing soups.  Hempseeds contain over 30% fat, are a great source of protein with over 25%, are exceptionally rich in Omega 6 and 3, are a great source of vitamin E and minerals (phosphorus, potassium, sodium, magnesium, sulfur, calcium, iron and zinc).  The seeds weren't cleaned and dehulled as nowadays, but were covered in cannabinoids (CBD) and we would therefore consume CBD naturally.  As both hemp and marijuana belong to the species cannabis, old recipe books show that extracts and tinctures have been made for human use with books showing records in Europe in the 17th century how to make them.  One of the books states 'every housewife will be familiar with the many benefits of hemp', we've just forgotten until the recent renaissance of hemp.
We believe the phyto-nutrients present in hemp extracts, such as CBD, CBDA, other cannabinoids, terpenes, ketones, phenols, flavonoids and the array of minerals, vitamins, Omega 6 and 3 are health promoting. Hemp is a natural way to support your health.

I have a medical condition, will CBD oil help me?

Natural botanical extracts are not medication.  The hemp we use in our CBD oils is grown outdoors, on pristine soil in full sunshine, harvested and turned into our fine hemp CBD oils.  They are created to maintain, support and optimise your health and wellbeing.  Hemp is a natural way to support your health.
The world is waking up to the benefits of cannabis for medicinal purposes.  It is estimated that in the UK over 1.3million people consume hemp's psychoactive species cousin, marijuana / cannabis for medicinal purposes.  In November 2018 the British government has started to make medicinal cannabis available by prescription for the first set of qualifying conditions: paediatric patients with certain forms of severe epilepsy, medicinal use in intractable chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting and chronic pain.  If you are a patient and would like to find out more, the United Patients Alliance represents patients and offers much information.  The UPA primarily communicate information and updates via Facebook and offer a discussion group.
All products offered by CannaWellness Ltd are not in any shape or form advertised for sale as medicinal products.  We advise that you consult with your doctor before use if you have a serious medical condition or use prescription medications. A Doctor's advice should be sought before using this and any food supplement.  

Which of your hemp CBD products should I buy?

You can choose any of our products but as a guidance:
First we suggest you consider what strength do you want?
CannaWell offer oils with 2.5%, 5% and 10% hemp extracts.  The choice depends on your personal circumstances but as a rule of thumb, most people will choose a 2.5% or 5% extract unless they seek extra system support or those that don't like the taste of Hemp CBD extracs.  Then a stronger extract with less drops may be favoured.
Organically certified oils:
Oganic Hemp Balance is a whole plant extract rich in CBD/CBDA, terpenes, ketones, flavonoids, phenols and other phyto-nutrients including vitamins (E), rich in omega 6 & 3, minerals (phosphorus, potassium, sodium, magnesium, sulfur, calcium, iron and zinc) blended with organic hempseed oil.  The extract is gentle and carefully made to ensure maximum amount of natural phyto-nutrients are captured.  It is an excellent all rounder and has a rich deep taste, reflecting the natural compounds in the oil.
Organic Hemp CBD is ideal for those who wish to take CBD oil only.  The premium Hemp CBD extract does not contain mentionable traces of other cannabinoids.  It is a premium extract, not an isolate, blended with organic hempseed oil.  It also contains also other plant-based-nutrients present in hemp.  It is blended in organic hempseed oil.  The refining of the extract gives it a very mild, almost nutty flavour and is preferred by those who don't like the taste of 'hemp' or want CBD only.
Bluebird crafted oils:
CannaWell also offer Bluebird crafted extracts, the Hemp Pure, Blend and Total in two strength.  Customer feedback in the last few years have indicated that CannaWell offers almost too much choise.  We have therefore decided to make the selection and choice simpler and are phasing out the Bluebird crafted range over the first quater of 2019.  Should a product be out of stock, it will not longer be restocked.  We appreciate that there may be a transition period for our regular users and we are here for guidance and advice which product would be closest to your curent product.  We are confident that the organic certified range is not only superb quality, but also covers the spectrum of choices customers seek.

How much CBD is in your products?

We offer a selection of different strenght oils and have prepared a summary table of the different products, showing the percentage of cannabinoids, milligrams per bottle and amount of intake per 5 drops. For full product description click on the individual products names which will give you detailed information about each oil.  Our bottles are clearly labelled and contain the required product information.  
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Average number of drops per bottle:
10ml - approx 300 drops
30ml - approx 900 drops

What is CBDA?

Both CBD and CBDA are cannabinoids, unique compounds naturally present in hemp.
When we juice raw hemp, we consume a large amount of CBDA alongside CBD. Working with hemp CBD extracts now since 2014, we have come to observe and believe that a healthy proportion of CBDA in our oils improves the overall spectrum of health promoting photo-nutrients.
CBDA is the acidic precursor to CBD. When hemp / cannabis grows, its produces THCA and CBDA, not THC and CBD. These cannabinoids in their acidic form are often seen as being ‘inactive’. When cannabis is heated, such as through smoking, cooking, or vaporisation, a process known as decarboxylation occurs. Decarboxylation turns both THCA and CBDA into THC and CBD respectively. Both CBDA and CBD are non-psychoactive, meaning they won’t get you high.


What does a hemp extract contain apart from CBD?

Depending on the extraction process, you can make so called whole plants extracts such as our Hemp Balance range.  The carefullly made extract contains over 80 different phyto-cannabinoids, including CBD, CBC, CBG, CBG-A, CBC-A, and many others. In addition to the cannabinoids naturally present in our hemp extracts, there are many other types of natural molecules such as amino acids, carbohydrates, vitamins, omega 3 & 6 and trace minerals. Additionally, beta-carotene, chlorophyll, flavonoids, ketones, nitrogenous compounds, alkanes, glycosides, pigments, water, and terpenes are all present in a whole plant oil.

We are also able to refine the whole plant extract into a premium CBD extract which means that it is not full-spectrum, but rich in CBD.  Our Hemp CBD range is a premium hemp extract, not just an isolate.  Blended with organic hempseed oil you also will consume the important omega 6 and 3, amino acids, carbohydrates, vitamins and trace minerals.

It is worth noting that some companies refine the extract further and extract so called CBD isolates.  Isolates are pure CBD and all other compounds, including minerals, vitamins, terpenes etc from the hemp extract have been removed.  

CannaWell offer premium quality hemp extracts.



What is the ideal serving size for me, how often should I take it?

We are all unique, some people prefer to take less, others more drops.
Instructions for use say 5 drops, 1-3 times per day

We suggest that you start with less drops and gradually increase the amount to find out what works best for you.  CBD is considered safe and well tolerated (WHO).

What is the best method of use?

All CBD Oils are intended for internal consumption. Our oils are NOT suitable for vaping.

Because our Hemp Balance is a whole plant extract, some consider the taste strong. While many of our customers like the flavour, some would rather find a way to mask it. If that’s you, try mixing the oil in honey, applesauce, or a smoothie.   If you prefer a CBD oil with a soft flavour, try our premium extract Hemp CBD.  It tastes exceptionally smooth and mild. You can also use our oils to make CBD enriched edibles. 

Skincare products are only intended for external application.

How do I make CBD edibles such as brownies?

Making edibles and brownies is becoming increasingly popular and there are many recipes available online. For baking, add the CBD oil to the oil or butters you use and allow it to blend into the mix. Check the instructions for use so you add the amount of drops to the mix you desire. Generally guidance for enriched foods is up to 20mg per serving. 

What type of extraction method do you use?

For both our CannaWell Hemp Balance and Hemp CBD oils we use low pressure CO2 extractions.  CO2 extraction is widely used in the food industry.  It is worth mentioning that it is the skill and experience of the operator that creates the quality of the hemp CBD extract and profile captured of phyto-nutrients from the plant. Therefore not all CBD extracts are the same, some are better than others.
In simple terms, CO2 cannabis extraction uses pressurized carbon dioxide (CO2) to pull CBD (and other phytochemicals) from the plant. CO2 acts like a solvent at certain temperatures and pressures but possesses none of the dangers. While it is safe and effective, it also involves extremely expensive equipment. The rather sophisticated machines used for the purpose work to freeze the CO2 gas and compress it into a supercritical cold liquid state.
CO2 extraction is a safe method and results in pure hemp extracts.
Bluebird crafted CBD oils use ethanol/alcohol to extract the hemp. It is a historic used method for cannabis/hemp extracts. It is a clean and cold extraction method that allows for optimal retention of terpenes and other sensitive compounds. Bluebird also employ low-temperature and relatively low-pressure CO2 extractions for some of our products.

Where do you source your hemp cbd from?

CannaWell’s Hemp Balance and Hemp CBD oils are made from hemp grown on organically certified farms, the skincare range is made with European hemp too.
Bluebird crafted CBD oils are made from Colorado-grown hemp cbd extracts and certified organic, Canadian-grown hemp seed oil is used as the base oil in our Hemp Pure.

Is hempseed oil the same as CBD oil?

Definitely not. Standard hemp oil, which can be found in most health food stores and supermarkets, is a much different product than our CBD oils. Standard hemp oil is produced by cold pressing the seeds, whereas our hemp CBD extract is a whole plant extraction with many components not typically found in the seeds. Hempseed oil is considered to be a great nutritious food, but it doesn’t have the naturally occurring terpenes, cannabinoids and other components that CBD extracts do have.

What is the endocannabinoid system (ECS)?

The body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS) is perhaps the most important physiological system involved in establishing and maintaining our health.
The ECS plays a key role in regulating our physiological and cognitive processes and it’s purpose is to achieve homeostasis or ‘inner balance'.
Every mammal, not just humans, but animals including dogs, cats, horses, birds, fish and reptiles have an endocannabinoid system.  Humans produce their own cannabinoids, so called endocannabinoids from before we are born throughout our lives.  The best known human produced cannabinoids are 2AG and Anandamide (named after the Sanskrit term “Ananda,” which translates to “peace”). Anandamide is also called the 'bliss molecule'. It is becoming apparent that having healthy Anandamide levels is beneficial for our inner harmony and feeling of happiness.
The endocannabinoid system is part of the central nervous system. It is a network of receptors spread throughout our entire body.
The ECS has been recognised as an important body system affecting function of the brain, endocrine, and immune tissues. It also appears to play a very important regulatory role in the secretion of hormones related to reproductive functions and response to stress, affects appetite, food intake, energy balance and gastrointestinal tract activity. More conclusive evidence is coming to light supporting the theory of clinical endocannabinoid deficiency (Dr Ethan Russo), particularly for disease such as migraine, fibromyalgia, and irritable bowel syndrome. Given the large number of diseases which have shown endocannabinoid abnormalities such as epilepsy, cancer and a wide array of neurodegenerative diseases: it is an area which will undoubtedly and hopefully be explored further by the scientific community. 
Interestingly we are not aware of any other plant that has a whole physiological system dedicated to it in all mammals.  The cannabis plant is unique in this respect as we cannot get cannabinoids to support our ECS from any other natural food source in significant amounts.

What is the difference between hemp, marijuana and cannabis?

Scientifically, Hemp and Marijuana are the same plants, with a genus and species name of Cannabis Sativa.
They have a drastically different genetic profile though. Industrial Hemp is always a strain of Cannabis sativa, while marijuana can be Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, or Cannabis ruderalis.
The major difference is how industrial hemp has been bred compared to a marijuana form of Cannabis sativa. Typically speaking, industrial hemp is very fibrous, with long strong stalks, and barely has any flowering buds, while a marijuana strain of Cannabis sativa will be smaller, bushier, and full of flowering buds. However, newer industrial hemp varieties that are now being bred in countries like the USA, with higher yields of cannabinoids and terpenes, unfortunately we are not yet permitted to grow these strains in Europe.

99% of the time marijuana has a high amount of THC and only a very low amount of CBD. Hemp, on the other hand, naturally has a very high amount of CBD in most instances and only a trace amount of THC. Fortunately, the cannabinoid profile of hemp is ideal for people looking for benefits from cannabis without the ‘high.’
Hemp is used for making herbal supplements, food, oils, construction materials (hempcrete and bricks), paper, bricks, natural plastic, composites, and so much more, whereas marijuana is usually used just recreationally, spiritually, and medicinally. The term cannabis oil can refer to either a marijuana or hemp derived oil since marijuana and hemp are two different forms of cannabis.

Where do you ship to?

We accept orders from the UK and Europe.
All orders are shipped in plain packaging within 48 hours of receipt of payment, tracked, and require a signature on receipt.
Unfortunately we cannot accept payment from cards where the billing address is outside of the EU. Should you wish to place an order from outside the EU, please contact us and we will send you an invoice for you to pay by bank transfer. If you are ordering from outside the UK, it is your responsibility to ensure that our products can be received and consumed in the shipping destination country.